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Wednesday, 3 October 2023

British Summer Time ends: clocks go back on 28 October

  • Published: Wednesday, 19 September 2023

The clocks will go back by one hour on Sunday 28 October as British Summer Time (BST) ends for another year. The official time changes at 2.00 am BST, moving back to 1.00 am Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) across the UK.

British Summer Time

British Summer Time (BST) starts each year on the last Sunday in March and ends on the last Sunday in October. On Sunday 28 October the clocks will go back, meaning we gain an hour. British Summer Time will start again on 31 March 2013.

BST is operational on the following dates:




Start of BST (clocks go forward)

25 March

31 March

30 March

End of BST (clocks go back)

28 October

27 October

26 October

Summer time changes on standard dates throughout the EU, so Britain and Ireland constantly remain an hour behind most of central Europe.

The history of daylight saving time

In 1907 an Englishman, William Willett, campaigned to advance clocks by 80 minutes. He proposed four moves of 20 minutes at the beginning of the spring and summer months, and to return to Greenwich Mean Time in a similar manner in the autumn. The following year, the House of Commons rejected a Bill to advance the clocks by one hour during the spring and summer months.

Summer time was first defined in an Act of Parliament in 1916. The clocks were moved one hour ahead of GMT from the spring to the autumn.

During the Second World War, double summer time (two hours in advance of GMT) was introduced, lasting until July 1945.

Since the 1980s, all parts of western and central Europe have co-ordinated the date and the time of their clock changes.

Additional links

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When you change your clock, test your smoke alarm

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